Bullying definition :
There is no legal definition of bullying. But it is usually defined as repeated behaviour which is intended to hurt someone either emotionally or physically, and is often aimed at certain people because of their race, religion, gender or sexual orientation or any other aspect such as appearance or disability.
Different types of bullying :
Physical bullying is using one’s body and physical bodily acts to exert power over peers. Punching, kicking and other physical attacks are all types of physical bullying. Unlike relational and verbal bullying, the effects of physical bullying can be easier to spot.
Teasing is intended to provoke or make fun of someone in a playful way Teasing becomes bullying when The content of the teasing turns from affectionate to hostile. There is a power imbalance: the person teasing has more power among peers compared to the person being teased. The teasing occurs repeatedly. The child who is teasing means to upset or hurt the child being teased.
Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others. The behaviour is often repeated and habitual. One essential prerequisite is the perception, by the bully or by others, of an imbalance of social or physical power, which distinguishes bullying from conflict.
Name calling ;
Name-calling can have serious consequences on mental health. In fact, researchers feel it is one of the most damaging forms of bullying. For instance, some victims become so depressed from the name-calling that they begin to feel worthless, helpless and out of control. Some victims may even contemplate suicide.
Cyber bullying ;
Cyber bullying is any form of bullying which takes place online or through smartphones and tablets. Social networking sites, messaging apps, gami… Cyber bullying is rife on the internet and most young people will experience it or see it at some time.
Bully can happen anywhere at anytime and to anyone for example a workplace, school, travelling to or from a place and between people close to one another.
Bullying statistics ;
- Every 7 minutes a child is being bullied
- 4% adult intervention , 11% peer intervention and 85% no intervention
- Biracial and Multiracial youth are more likely to be victimised then people who are a single race.
- Children who are gay, obese or disabled are 63% more likely to be bullied then other children.
- Around 1 million children were harassed, threatened or a subject of other forms of cyber bullying.
- 160,00 children miss school every day due to the fear of being attacked or intimidated by other students.
- American schools have 2.1 million bullied and 2.7 bullying victims.
- 71% of students report incidents of bullying as a problem in their school.
- 54% of students said that witnessing physical bullying at home can lead to violence at school.
- 1 out of 10 students drop out of school because of bullying
- Harassment and bullying is linked to 75% of school shooting incidents.
Suicide statistics ;
- The main cause of death for children under 14 is suicide (mostly from hanging)
- suicide rates for 10 to 14 year olds have increased to over 50% over the last three decades
- LGBTQAIP youth are more likely to think about and attempt suicide than heterosexual teens.
LGBTQAIP bullying statistics ;
- Nearly 9 out of 10 LGBT… youth said they were being harassed or bullied in the past year because of their sexual orientation.
- over 40% reported being physically assaulteD
A lot of people get bullied for being perceived as gay.
Cyber bullying statistics ;
- 32% of teens have been targets of a range of annoying and menacing online activities
- 38% of girls are cyber bullies compared to 26% of boys, 415 of older girls 15 to 17 report being bullied more than any other age or gender group.
- More than 1 in 3 young people have experienced cyber threats online
- 70% of bullied children felt cyberbullying affected their social lives
- 23% of bullied children turned to self harming behaviours such as cutting
- 24% of bullied children have suicidal thoughts
- 10% of bullied children have attempted to take their own lives
Ways to beat bullying ;
- Stand up to people being bullied, A lot of bullies like receiving and having an audience or approval. Let the bullies know that what they are doing is wrong and that you do not think what they are doing is cool.
- Take an anti bullying pledge, print out a pledge and share it with friends and other people and let them know that you do not think bulling is okay.
- Take action, Start an anti-bullying club or prevention program at your school
- Talk to other kids, To learn more about bullying, where it happens in your school and what might help stop it, see if you and your friends can come together and talk about it with an adult.
- Talk to your teachers or principal, Let adults around you know so they can host a school assembly on bullying, also ask for an anonymous survey to find out how common bullying is in your school.
- Talk to your parents or guardian, your parents or guardians can speak with the adults at your school and tell them to focus more on bullying.
- Speak up, Write a blog, school newspaper article or comments to tackle bullying.
- Creative, you can make a poster or song about bullying to appeal more to people your age to get them to listen.
How to tell someone might be being bullied ;
- Unexplained injuries
- Lost or destroyed belongings for example books, clothing jewellery or electronics
- Frequent headaches or stomach aches
- Change in eating habits for example suddenly eating very little or eating a lot. Child not eating lunch
- Difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmares
- Declining grades, lack of interest in school, going to school or past hobbies
- Sudden loss of friends or avoidance of social situations
- Lack of self esteem or feeling of helplessness
- Self destructive behaviour for example running away from home. harming themselves or frequent thoughts or talking about death or suicide
Signs a child is bullying others ;
- Getting into physical or verbal fights
- Having friends who bully or have bullied others
- Are increasingly aggressive
- Get detention or sent to heads office frequently.
- Have unexplained extra money or new belongings
- Blames others for their problems
- Does not accept responsibility
- Are competitive and worry about their reputation or popularity.
The main thing I learnt was just how big the problem with bullying is, and how the amount of bullying cases has increased through time. This research will be useful to me because I can provide statistics and facts when making my YouTube video so that my video is more reliable. Furthermore I will have a lot more information to give my viewers which might be useful.